Nonthermal plasma technology is revolutionizing the textile industry by offering an eco-friendly and efficient alternative to conventional wet chemical processing treatments. This technology is used for surface modification and functionalization of cellulosic fabrics, enhancing their properties without altering their bulk characteristics. The process works at room temperature and generates a large number of chemically reactive species. These species interact with the fabric’s surface, increasing its energy and wettability. This interaction results in the addition or alteration of functional groups on the fabric’s surface, thereby changing its surface chemistry. The end result is a fabric with improved characteristics, achieved through a process that is more environmentally friendly than traditional methods. EHT’s industrial power systems enable this surface treatment to be done at large scale, making them a promising technology in the textile industry.